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Journal Articles Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems Year : 2023

A Multi-Model Ensemble Kalman Filter for Data Assimilation and Forecasting

Abstract

Data assimilation (DA) aims to optimally combine model forecasts and observations that are both partial and noisy. Multi-model DA generalizes the variational or Bayesian formulation of the Kalman filter, and we prove that it is also the minimum variance linear unbiased estimator. Here, we formulate and implement a multi-model ensemble Kalman filter (MM-EnKF) based on this framework. The MM-EnKF can combine multiple model ensembles for both DA and forecasting in a flow-dependent manner; it uses adaptive model error estimation to provide matrix-valued weights for the separate models and the observations. We apply this methodology to various situations using the Lorenz96 model for illustration purposes. Our numerical experiments include multiple models with parametric error, different resolved scales, and different fidelities. The MM-EnKF results in significant error reductions compared to the best model, as well as to an unweighted multi-model ensemble, with respect to both probabilistic and deterministic error metrics.
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Dates and versions

insu-03993953 , version 1 (17-02-2023)

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Eviatar Bach, Michael Ghil. A Multi-Model Ensemble Kalman Filter for Data Assimilation and Forecasting. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 2023, 15, ⟨10.1029/2022MS003123⟩. ⟨insu-03993953⟩
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