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Journal Articles Physical Review Research Year : 2024

Linear-frequency conversion with time-varying metasurfaces

Abstract

Frequency conversion is a hallmark of nonlinearity. The spectral manifestations, emergent within a system, can typically be attributed to a marked nonlinearity within the material properties, complex geometric configurations, and/or the unique functional form of interactions taking place in the constitutive subsystems. These phenomena, irrespective of their origins, have been harnessed and exploited in applications ranging from the generation of entangled photons, a cornerstone in quantum technologies, to nanomechanical frequency mixing, advancing subsurface scanning probe microscopy. Here, we propose a frequency conversion mechanism based on time-varying metasurfaces, an emerging frontier in metamaterial research. We show how temporal properties of metasurfaces can effectively emulate a nonlinear medium, thereby facilitating frequency conversion. The proposed material configuration has the potential not only to advance integrated photonics and quantum optics, but also to create opportunities in quantum sensing, quantum materials, and crucially quantum communications.
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insu-04479011 , version 1 (20-04-2024)

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Claude Amra, Ali Passian, Philippe Tchamitchian, Mauro Ettorre, Ahmed Alwakil, et al.. Linear-frequency conversion with time-varying metasurfaces. Physical Review Research, 2024, 6, pp.013002. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevResearch.6.013002⟩. ⟨insu-04479011⟩
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